The Pros And Cons Of Investing In Mutual Funds: What You Need To Know

Investing in Mutual Funds
Investing in Mutual Funds

Are you considering mutual fund investing but don’t know where to start? Or perhaps you’re wondering whether a mutual fund is the right investment option for you. Look no further! In this article, we will walk you through the pros and cons of mutual funds so that you can make an informed decision about your finances.

What is a mutual fund?

A mutual fund is an investment vehicle that is made up of a pool of funds from different investors. The money in the mutual fund is then used to buy stocks, bonds, or other securities. Mutual funds are managed by a professional money manager who strives to make the best possible returns for investors. 

When you invest, you are buying into a basket of different securities which helps spread out your risk. This diversification can be critical in protecting your investment portfolio from large losses during market downturns. 

Additionally, you benefit from the expertise of a professional fund manager or a fund management team from investment companies who are looking out for your best interests and trying to grow your investment. This can be especially helpful if you don’t have the time or knowledge to do this on your own. Finally, they are very liquid, meaning you can sell your mutual fund shares at any time without penalty.

However, there are also some disadvantages to consider before investing. One downside is that you will usually have to pay fees and commissions which can eat into your returns. Additionally, because mutual funds are required to distribute their earnings each year, you may end up paying taxes on your capital gains even if you don’t sell your mutual fund shares.

The Pros of Mutual Funds

Mutual funds have many benefits, including professional management, diversification, and economies of scale.

  1. Professional management

    Most mutual funds are managed by professional money managers who have the expertise and resources to make sound investment decisions. This can provide peace of mind for investors, knowing that their money is in good hands.

  2. Diversification

    Mutual funds offer diversification across a wide range of investments, which can help mitigate risks. By investing in a variety of asset classes and securities, investors can benefit from the overall growth of the market while minimizing the impact of individual stock performance.

  3. Economies of scale

    Mutual funds allow small investors to pool their resources and benefit from economies of scale. This means that they can gain access to investments that would otherwise be unavailable or too expensive for them to purchase on their own.

The Cons of Mutual Funds

When it comes to mutual funds investing, there are pros and cons to consider. Discussed here are the cons of mutual funds so that you can make an informed decision as to whether it is the right investment for you.

  1. They come with mutual fund fees

    All investments come with some sort of fee associated with them and mutual funds are no different. These mutual fund fees can eat into your returns and should be taken into consideration when deciding whether or not to invest in them.

  2. They can be complex

    Some mutual funds can be quite complex, making it difficult to understand exactly what you are investing in. This can lead to making poor investment choices and not getting the most out of your money.

  3. They are not guaranteed

    Unlike FDIC-insured products, there are no guarantees that you will get your money back if the fund loses value. This means that you could potentially lose all of or initial investment if the market takes a turn for the worse.

How to Choose the Right Mutual Fund: Types of Mutual Funds

When it comes to mutual funds, there are many different mutual funds to choose from. Each type of fund has its own set of benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to understand the different types before taking the plunge.

In the Philippines, there are four basic types of mutual funds available: stock/equity, balanced, bond, and money market funds.

  1. Stock/Equity Funds

    These are funds that invest in stocks or equity securities (such as common stocks and preferred stocks), which are typically issued by corporations. Stock funds seek to maximize returns by investing in a diversified portfolio of stocks. It may be actively managed funds, meaning the fund managers will attempt to outperform the market, or passively managed, meaning the fund seeks to match the performance of index funds.

  2. Balanced Funds

    These are a type of mutual fund that invests in both stocks and bonds. Balanced Funds usually have a predetermined asset allocation between the two types of investments and tend to have a moderate level of risk. Mutual fund investors can benefit from the diversification of their investments while still having the potential to generate returns. Additionally, these funds typically have lower fees than separately managed investments.

  3. Bond Funds

    Bond funds invest primarily in fixed-income securities, such as government bonds and corporate bonds. These funds offer mutual fund investors the potential for higher yields than money market funds but also carry greater risk. Bond funds can be actively managed or passively managed, just like stock/equity funds.

  4. Money Market Funds

    These are mutual funds that invest in short-term, high-quality debt securities such as Treasury bills and commercial paper. They are typically used as savings accounts and offer investors the ability to generate returns without taking on the risk of equity investments. They are a safe, low-risk investment option, but they typically offer lower returns than other mutual funds.

Overall, each of these mutual funds offers different investment opportunities for investors, depending on the mutual fund’s investment objectives and risk tolerance. Investors need to understand their goals and risk tolerance before investing in any type of mutual fund. In addition, it is important to research and compare different funds to find the one that best fits the investor’s needs.

Other types of investments to consider

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and income funds are two other types of investments. ETFs track an underlying index and can contain stocks, bonds, and other investments. Income funds, on the other hand, are funds that invest in fixed-income securities like government securities, bonds, and debentures. 

ETFs are traded on exchanges, meaning investors can buy and sell during market hours; whereas income funds typically invest in long-term investments and provide income to investors over time. 

Both options can be used to diversify a portfolio and potentially lower risk; however, there are benefits and risks associated with each option. ETFs have the advantage of being more liquid, whereas income funds may provide better returns for investors over time. 

Ultimately, the decision of which type of fund to invest in should be based on individual goals and objectives.


Investing in mutual funds can be a great way to diversify and grow your fund’s portfolio. There are certainly advantages and disadvantages to consider, but the potential rewards make it worth exploring for many investors. As you research which options are best for you, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons carefully so that you make an informed decision about where your money is going.

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