The brain drain, or the emigration of Filipino scientists and technology experts to other countries, has been a long-standing concern in the Philippines.
These individuals, with their knowledge and expertise, have contributed to the growth and development of other nations in search of better opportunities.
However, the Balik Scientist Program (BSP) is changing the tide and finding ways to promote scientific knowledge sharing to accelerate flow of expertise back into the Philippines.
At the helm of this program is the Department of Science and Technology, and they’re inviting every scientist, Dr., university professor, and other specialized knowledge workers to return home and help solve national issues and improve life in the Philippines.
Understanding the Balik Scientist Program (BSP)
The Balik Scientist Program, also known as the Balik Scientist Act, is a strategic initiative by the Philippine government to encourage scientists and technologists of Filipino descent working abroad to return to their home country and share their expertise.
BSP was established in 1975 and was reinstated by the DOST in 1993. It was concretized and mobilized on a greater scale in 2018 through Republic Act 11035, also known as the “Act Institutionalizing the Balik Scientist Program” penned by Senator Bam Aquino, Congressman Erico Aristotle Aumentado, and Divina Grace Yu.
On June 15, 2018, the Act was officially signed by then-president Rodrigo Duterte.
Hand in hand with the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), the government initiated the program to address the issue of brain drain and promote the growth of science, research, and new technologies in the Philippines.
The Objectives of BSP
Apart from enticing profession, the primary objectives of the Balik Scientist Program include:
Promoting Scientific Knowledge Sharing
The BSP encourages Filipino scientists to return and collaborate as team with local researchers, institutions, and universities. By sharing their knowledge and expertise, they contribute to the development of emerging technologies in the country.
Advancement and Development Development
The presence of more Balik Scientists can lead to advancements in various sectors, from agriculture to agro-industrial development. Their contributions can ultimately boost the nation’s economy.
Strengthening Human Capital
The program aims to strengthen the country’s human capital by bringing back highly skilled individuals in the field of science and technology in the short term. In the long term, the initiative aims to incentivize professionals to stay in the country by providing benefits.
How the BSP Works
The Balik Scientist Program offers incentives to Filipino scientists and technologists who wish to return to the Philippines. These incentives include a one-time incentive, outstanding completion incentive, and medium-term or long-term engagement incentives.
The host institution, often a university or research center, plays a crucial role in supporting Balik Scientists during their engagement.
The Impact of the Balik Scientist Program
The Balik Scientist Program has had a significant impact on the Philippines, particularly in the fields of science and technology. Let’s explore some of the key benefits and achievements of this initiative:
Advancements in Research and Innovation
The return of Balik Scientists has led to significant advancements in research and innovation in the country. Their expertise has been instrumental in pushing the boundaries of knowledge in various scientific and technological domains.
The program has encouraged collaboration between Balik Scientists and local researchers, resulting in a sharing of ideas and expertise. This collaboration has facilitated the development of cutting-edge technologies and solutions to real-world problems.
By contributing to the development of strategic technologies, Balik Scientists have played a pivotal role in driving economic development in the Philippines. Their work has led to innovations that benefit various sectors, including agriculture, health, energy, and more.
Strengthening the Science and Technology Ecosystem
The BSP has not only brought back Filipino scientists but has also encouraged young talents in the country to pursue careers in science and technology. This has led to the growth of a stronger science and technology ecosystem.
Balik Scientists have had a regional impact, benefiting various regions of the Philippines. Their contributions have improved the quality of life for many Filipinos and enhanced the overall development of the nation.
Honoring the Balik Scientists
On September 27, 2023, the 9th Annual Balik Scientist Program Convention was held in Clark, Pampanga.
During the event, 45 balikbayan scientists of varied backgrounds abroad, from molecular biology to health and other related sectors, were recognized and honored along with their respective host institution.
In the past, the BSP has seen success. BSP awardee and former DOST Secretary Dr. William Padolina, in particular, is one of the most celebrated personas.
Dr. Padolina is primarily a scientist and chemist, and upon his return from abroad, he has made significant contributions to the field of agriculture and agro-industrial development.
Another BSP awardee, Dr. Alonzo Gabriel, is a molecular biologist who came back to the country to help conduct work in the sector of molecular biology. Dr. Gabriel has particularly helped enhance and revolutionize health-related studies in the country.
The Balik Scientist Program is a testament to the Philippine government’s commitment to promoting science and technology in the country.
By encouraging the return of Filipino scientists and technologists, the program has accelerated the flow of knowledge and expertise, leading to advancements in research, innovation, and economic development.
As more Balik Scientists are welcomed into the program, the Philippines is on a trajectory of growth and progress, becoming a hub for scientific and technological excellence in the world.
President Rodrigo Duterte’s vision of a nation led by homegrown scientists and technologists is becoming a reality, and the Balik Scientist Program is a pivotal part of this journey.
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